The main signs and symptoms of lack of sleep include excessive daytime sleepiness and deterioration during the day, such as reduced concentration, slower thinking, and mood swings. Feeling extremely tired during the day is one of the hallmarks of lack of sleep. Simply put, lack of sleep is caused by constant lack of sleep or reduced quality of sleep. Getting less than 7 hours of sleep on a regular basis can lead to health consequences that affect the entire body.
This can also be due to an underlying sleep disorder. When a pattern of lack of sleep persists, the risk of mental illness increases. You can also have severe mood swings when you don't get enough sleep. In addition, chemical reactions that occur in the brain due to lack of sleep can cause mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety.
Not getting enough sleep can affect your mood, memory and health in surprising and far-reaching ways, says Johns Hopkins sleep researcher Patrick Finan, Ph. D. Learn more about the effects of lack of sleep. Download the infographic in PDF format.
However, whatever your circumstances, recognizing the symptoms, causes and effects of lack of sleep is the first step in addressing the problem and ensuring that you get enough sleep to recharge your body and mind, protect your well-being, and function at your best. Talk to your doctor to treat any chronic physical or mental health problems that may disturb your sleep or to make changes to prescription medications that could be triggering the problem. The pituitary gland releases growth hormone throughout the day, but proper sleep and exercise also help release growth hormone. Older adults probably need to sleep as much as younger adults, but they usually sleep more lightly.
Sleep affects the levels of two hormones, leptin and ghrelin, which control feelings of hunger and satiety. Keep your room dark, quiet and cool, and reserve your bed only for sleeping and having sex without screens, work, or any stressful activity. If you continue to operate without getting enough sleep, you may have more serious, long-term health problems. Multiple large-scale national studies indicate that inadequate amounts of sleep could be a contributing factor to the widespread problem of obesity in the United States.
It provides the sleep specialist with useful information to help diagnose and treat your underlying disorder. Instead, there are a number of lifestyle and behavioral changes you can make to address sleep deprivation and get your sleep schedule back on track. In fact, lack of sleep can impair your motor skills as much as being drunk, increasing the risk of accidents. Stimulant use, such as cocaine or amphetamines, can also disrupt sleep and keep you awake at night.
While drinking alcohol can help you fall asleep faster, it can also interrupt your sleep by worsening snoring, interrupt the restorative REM sleep phase, and wake you up earlier than normal. The more you lack sleep, the more you'll likely experience difficulty remembering how to perform ordinary tasks throughout the day, such as following simple instructions or including the right ingredients in your kitchen. A sleepy, fatigued person is prone to accidents, has poor judgment, and is more likely to make mistakes and poor decisions.